By marina Alberti
This groundbreaking paintings is an test at offering a conceptual framework to synthesize city and ecological dynamics right into a universal framework. the best problem for city ecologists within the following couple of a long time is to appreciate the function people play in city ecosystems. the advance of an built-in city ecological technique is essential to boost ecological study and to aid planners and bosses remedy advanced city environmental matters. This booklet is a massive leap forward.
Read Online or Download Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems PDF
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Extra info for Advances in Urban Ecology: Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems
While most models assume that agents behave in a homogenous and rational way, increasing evidence suggests that agents are highly heterogeneous (Benenson and Torrens 2004). Heterogeneity is important in explaining how agents decide about residential location or land development, and it affects the outcome of models (Anas 1986). Agents make decisions based on their demographic, social, and economic characteristics and their preferences with respect to knowledge and values. Moreover, their decisions are highly affected through their perception, cognition, and evaluation of the landscape (Nassauer 1995).
But while models have grown in sophistication, they are still very limited in their representation of biophysical drivers or impacts. Recently, a few modelers have started to address the direct impacts that human activities have on the environment, such as air pollution and noise. But, as we can see quite clearly in the idealized urban model proposed by Wegener (1994), such models only involve unidirectional links between urban systems and the environment. Today, a vast literature synthesizes the theoretical and methodological foundations of urban simulation models (Wilson et al.
Only in the last decade have they turned their attention to the study of urban ecosystems. Also, they have mostly been concerned with describing the processes that create patterns observed in the environment; only more recently have they become interested in studying the effects that the patterns have on the processes. Ecologists have started to develop studies to answer the following questions: What are the fluxes of energy and matter in urban ecosystems? And, how does the spatial structure of ecological, physical, and socioeconomic factors in the metropolis affect ecosystem function?