Advances In Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Vol. 42 by Benjamin Bederson (ed.), Herbert Walther (ed.)

By Benjamin Bederson (ed.), Herbert Walther (ed.)

This sequence, verified in 1965, is worried with fresh advancements within the common quarter of atomic, molecular, and optical physics. the sphere is in a nation of quick development, as new experimental and theoretical innovations are used on many aged and new difficulties. themes coated additionally contain comparable utilized components, similar to atmospheric technology, astrophysics, floor physics, and laser physics.

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And Holt, R. A. (1969). Phys. Rev. Lett. 23,880. Clauser, J. F. (1976). Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1223. Duncan, A. , and Kleinpoppen, H. (1988). In F. ). Quantum mechanics versus local realism - The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment, chapter 7, pp. 175-218. Plenum Press (New York). Eberhard, P. H. (1993). Phys. Rev. A 47,747-750. , and Rosen, N. (1935). Phys. Rev. 47,777. , Benson, 0.. , and Walther, H. (1998). Fort. Phys. 46, 897-926. Franson, J. D. (1989). Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2205-2208. Freedman, S.

To detect only atoms in the Fg = 3 state, we tune the frequency of the detection laser into resonance with the Fg = 3 * F, = 4 “cycling” transition. To detect atoms in the Fg = 2 and Fg = 3 state simultaneously, we add a “repumping” laser beam resonant with the Fg = 2 * F, = 3 transition. In principle, only atoms in the Fg = 2 state could be detected by applying a Fg = 2 H F, = 1 laser, but in practice, offresonant optical pumping into the Fg = 3 state leads to a very low detection efficiency in this scheme.

FUNDAMENTAL TESTS OF QUANTUM MECHANICS 21 4. Quantum-Mechanical Prediction The quantum-mechanical prediction SQMof Eq. 994, which were derived in the preceding sections. 112 , 9 0 ~>) 1. (12) Thus the BCH inequality is clearly violated by the quantum-mechanical predictions. It should be emphasized that the experiment not only is able to test LHV theories against quantum mechanics but also provides completely independent mechanisms to simultaneously determine the experimental parameters required for the quantum-mechanical prediction (see the preceding section and Fry and Walther, 1996).

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