By Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud
Unlike such a lot different sociology or social technological know-how dictionaries, during this translation of the Critical Dictionary of Sociology, taken from the second one French variation of the Dictionary and edited via the English sociologist Peter Hamilton, the serious worth of this particular paintings is ultimately made on hand for a much wider audience.
Each access grapples without delay with a subject, even if theoretical, epistemological, philosophical, political or empirical, and gives a powerful assertion of what the authors give it some thought. The discussions are thought of yet argumentative. through reaffirming non-marxist kind of critique remains to be attainable, Boudon and Bourricaud have provided a particular method of the foremost concerns which confront the societies of the 20 th and Twenty-First centuries.
For a few this paintings can be a textbook, for others an fundamental sourcebook of sociological suggestions, and for many a manner of establishing our eyes to new dimensions in our figuring out of the good principles and theories of sociology.
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Additional info for A Critical Dictionary of Sociology
The rational peasant. The political economy of rural society in Vietnam, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1979. , Illogisme de la doctrine néo-marxienne de l’échange inégal, Commentaire, V, 17, 1982, 52–62. , Micromotives and macrobehavior, Toronto, Norton, 1978. —‘Dynamic models of segregation’, Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 1, 2, 1971, 143–186. , Die Probleme der Geschichtsphilosophie, Leipzig, Duncker and Humblot, 1905. , A study of sociology. Introduction by Talcott Parsons, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1961.
Since Condorcet, it has been well known that by aggregating transitory preferences, an intransitory collective preference can be obtained. Condorcet’s paradox is only one of the paradoxes generated by an aggregational operation. When a series of anthropometric measurements is taken from a set of subjects and an average measure is calculated, the ‘average man’ so derived can appear to be so far from perceived reality as to be virtually a monster. The case of calculated correlations of collective units is another case of paradox: in theory it is logically possible, even if manual workers tend to vote for a ‘more’ specific party than other social classes, that a ward could show results less favourable to the said party although a large number of manual workers were part of it.
In the United States, the State was distant and the new colonies were set up under a system of virtual self-government. In Canada the law thus appeared as an external and hence more constraining and redoubtable force. In the United States it was seen more as a sort of contract than as a constraint. Psychologically it was thus easier to operate outside the law if it seemed as if doing so did not mean running too great a risk. Once such a theory had been elaborated, it was necessary for Lipset first to verify that it was acceptable from the point of view of historical analysis.